Access to electricity represents a key factor for the economic and social development of the African continent. At end of 2014, grid connected ratios are still striking and challenging: only 12% of the population living in sub-Sahara countries have access to electricity and this level goes down to 6% when considering only the rural regions. Production capacities are scarce and the local grid is old, unreliable and available only in major cities. This situation will even worsen in the coming years given the strong population growth and economic development.Needs are enormous. Additional production capacities have been estimated to more than 250 GW by 2030, compared to an existing installed base of 114 GW for the whole African continent, from which, only 34 GW in sub-Saharan countries without South Africa.